Set up capistrano deployment for Ruby On Rails

STEP 1:
Install capistrano gem

group :test, :development do
  gem 'capistrano'
end

Install capistrano with rvm

gem 'rvm-capistrano'

STEP 2:
Prepare your Project for Capistrano
Capify your project. The following command initialise your project with Capistrano.

$ capify .

STEP 3:
Do proper modificatons in Capistrano Recipe (config/deploy.rb)
http://guides.beanstalkapp.com/deployments/deploy-with-capistrano.html

Lets do the deployment for staging environment.
Create a ruby file under config/deploy/ folder named staging.rb
Copy the following content

set :domain, "mydomain.in"
role :app, domain
role :web, domain
role :db, domain, :primary => true
role :resque_worker, domain   # if you are using workers in your project, set role for them if needed
role :resque_scheduler, domain # if you are using workers in your project

set :deploy_to, "/home/my_deploy_path/"  # the deployment directory
set :environment, "staging"
set :rails_env, "staging"
set :branch, "staging"
set :previous_environment, "develop"

STEP 4:
Setup capistrano in deployment server

$ cap staging deploy:setup

This will Create folder structure that capistrano uses in the process.

Make sure that everything is set up correctly on the server by the command

$ cap staging deploy:check

Now you can see a message like:
“You appear to have all necessary dependencies installed”

Create shared/config folder in your deploy_to path
and copy database.yml and other config files as you written in the symlink_shared task in cap recipie (if any)

STEP 5:
Deploy your project:

cap staging deploy
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How to categorise a blog posts data by month in Ruby On Rails

Suppose we created a ‘BlogPost’ Model in Rails and we have the following fields in a blog post:

title – title of the blog post
posted_on – date posted
permalink – a permanent link of each blog post (act as a primary key)
publish – a boolean field which decides the post need to show or not

Lets write a method in ‘BlogPost’ Model to get a recent list of posts.
Pass a ‘months_old’ parameter to determine how much months old posts we wanted to list.
Just select the required columns to show the details of the post (by ‘:select => ‘). And Group each post by posted month.

  def self.get_recent_months_post(months_old)
    @blog_posts = where("publish = ? AND posted_on > ?", true, Date.today - months_old.months).all(:select => "title, posted_on, permalink", :order => "posted_on DESC")
    (@blog_posts.group_by { |t| t.posted_on.beginning_of_month }).sort.reverse
  end

We successfully written the method above. Now lets write a method to get the archives (old posts).

  def self.get_archives(old)
    @blog_posts = where("publish = ? AND posted_on  "title, posted_on, permalink", :order => "posted_on DESC")
    (@blog_posts.group_by { |t| t.posted_on.beginning_of_month }).sort.reverse
  end