Programming in Python : Dictionaries

Dictionaries are another data type in python. It can be think as a unordered collection of keys associated with values. The keys can be numbers, strings, or tuples. An empty dictionary is denoted by ‘{ }’. We can view all keys by simply calling keys(). The dict() constructor is using to build a dictionary.

>>> dic = {‘one’:1,’two’:2,’three’:3,’four’:4,’five’:5}

>>> dic
{‘four’: 4, ‘three’: 3, ‘five’: 5, ‘two’: 2, ‘one’: 1}

>>> dic[‘six’] = 6

>>> dic
{‘six’: 6, ‘three’: 3, ‘two’: 2, ‘four’: 4, ‘five’: 5, ‘one’: 1}

>>> del dic[‘five’]

>>> dic
{‘six’: 6, ‘three’: 3, ‘two’: 2, ‘four’: 4, ‘one’: 1}

>>> dic[‘seven’] = 7

>>> dic
{‘seven’: 7, ‘six’: 6, ‘three’: 3, ‘two’: 2, ‘four’: 4, ‘one’: 1}

>>> dic.key()

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “”, line 1, in
AttributeError: ‘dict’ object has no attribute ‘key’

>>> dic.keys()
[‘seven’, ‘six’, ‘three’, ‘two’, ‘four’, ‘one’]

>>> dic[‘seven’]
7
>>> dic[‘one’]
1

>>> ‘one’ in dic
True

>>> ‘three’ in dic
True

>>> ‘kjkk’ in dic
False

>>> del dic[‘one’]

>>> dic
{‘seven’: 7, ‘six’: 6, ‘three’: 3, ‘two’: 2, ‘four’: 4}

>>> dic.keys()
[‘seven’, ‘six’, ‘three’, ‘two’, ‘four’]

>>> dic.values()
[7, 6, 3, 2, 4]

>>> a=[(‘aass’,23),(‘iiii’,56),(‘dftj’,38)]

>>> a
[(‘aass’, 23), (‘iiii’, 56), (‘dftj’, 38)]

>>> dict(a)
{‘aass’: 23, ‘iiii’: 56, ‘dftj’: 38}

>>> b = dict(a)

>>> b
{‘aass’: 23, ‘iiii’: 56, ‘dftj’: 38}

>>> dict(jhjkhk = 433,jkhjkhk = 3434,iuijmkm = 344343)
{‘jkhjkhk’: 3434, ‘jhjkhk’: 433, ‘iuijmkm’: 344343}

>>> c = dict(jhjkhk = 433,jkhjkhk = 3434,iuijmkm = 344343)

>>> c
{‘jkhjkhk’: 3434, ‘jhjkhk’: 433, ‘iuijmkm’: 344343}

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Author: Abhilash

Hi, this is Abhilash - Senior Programmer Analyst at CoMakeIT, specialised on web programming. Mainly working on Ruby On Rails platform since 2010.

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