Programming in C: Remember these points on Datatypes.

‘int’ is 32 or 16 bit long and it depend upon machines. ‘short’ is often 16 bit long. ‘signed’ and ‘unsigned’ may be applied to char. But is plain chars are signed or unsigned ? It is machine dependent. If ‘x’ is float and ‘i’ is int, x = i and i = x both cause conversions.

Specify type correctly:

Please take a nice look to these points,
In C when we write an expression we must ensure that we specified the types correctly.
In an expression even if the left hand side is declared as floating point and the right hand side contain integer arithmetic & constant division, these constant division results the number truncated to integer. So we must represent these constants, as floating point number.
Consider the following expression

(float) a = (b – 18) * 7 / 9 ;

false result will goes to ‘ a ‘
we must write as,

(float) a = (b – 18) * 7 .0 / 9.0 ;

or

(float) a = (float) (b – 18) * 7 / 9 ;
Now,
when talking about the range of int , float it depends on the machines,
16 – bit int that is 2^16 = 65536 , dividing by 2 , 65536 / 2 it equals 32768
that is range – 32768 to 32767 for signed integers.

Consider the following expression,

(n > 0) ? f : n ;

If ‘f’ is float and ‘n’ is int the expression has type ‘float’ according to the conversion rule, not by the result of the condition.

Advertisements

Author: Abhilash

Hi, this is Abhilash - Senior Programmer Analyst at CoMakeIT, specialised on web programming. Mainly working on Ruby On Rails platform since 2010.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s